marhaban ramadan

Fasting Establishes Supremacy of The Soul

By Muhaddith Shah Waliyullâh

The preponderance of animality in man is an obstacle in the path of the manifestation of angelic and celestial attributes. Therefore, it has become necessary to subjugate this attribute of animality in man.

Since the dominance and power of bestial attributes are caused by eating, drinking and excessive indulgence in lowly desires – the latter playing the dominant role in the assertion of bestial attributes – it is essential to curtail and curb the onslaught of the flesh by a reduction in these factors (eating, drinking and indulgence in desire). Precisely for this reason do we find unanimity among all those who desire the supremacy of the soul and the subjugation of the flesh. All such men are unanimous in their assertion that the method of establishing the supremacy of the soul over the body is to reduce indulgence in eating, drinking and lowly desire. A remarkable fact is that this unanimity exists despite the different religions and lands of these men (i.e. those who desire the supremacy of the soul).

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conscripted soldiers

Imâm al-Bukhârî (may Allâh have mercy on him) reported in his Sahîh that ‘Ā’ishah (May Allâh be pleased with her) said: “I heard the Prophet saying: ‘Spirits are like conscripted soldiers; those whom they recognize, they get along with, and those whom they do not recognize, they will not get along with.’(Sahîh al-Bukhârî, Kitâb Ahâdîth al-Anbiyâ’, Bâb al-Arwâh junûd mujannadah).